New Article in Biochemistry


Hyperphosphorylation of Human Osteopontin and Its Impact on Structural Dynamics and Molecular Recognition

Borja Mateos, Julian Holzinger, Clara Conrad-Billroth, Gerald Platzer, Szymon Żerko, Marco Sealey-Cardona, Dorothea Anrather, Wiktor Koźmiński, Robert Konrat

bi1c00050 0007

Protein phosphorylation is an abundant post-translational modification (PTM) and an essential modulator of protein functionality in living cells. Intrinsically disordered proteins (IDPs) are particular targets of PTM protein kinases due to their involvement in fundamental protein interaction networks. Despite their dynamic nature, IDPs are far from having random-coil conformations but exhibit significant structural heterogeneity. Changes in the molecular environment, most prominently in the form of PTM via phosphorylation, can modulate these structural features. Therefore, how phosphorylation events can alter conformational ensembles of IDPs and their interactions with binding partners is of great interest. Here we study the effects of hyperphosphorylation on the IDP osteopontin (OPN), an extracellular target of the Fam20C kinase. We report a full characterization of the phosphorylation sites of OPN using a combined nuclear magnetic resonance/mass spectrometry approach and provide evidence for an increase in the local flexibility of highly phosphorylated regions and the ensuing overall structural elongation. Our study emphasizes the simultaneous importance of electrostatic and hydrophobic interactions in the formation of compact substates in IDPs and their relevance for molecular recognition events.


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