Wiktor Koźmiński's NMR group

Biological and Chemical Research Centre, University of Warsaw

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Wiktor Koźmiński's NMR Group

Open Positions

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Project: New tools and applications of NMR spectroscopy beyond resolution limitation.

Project coordinator: prof. Wiktor Koźmiński.
Project duration: 2016 - 2021.

 

Positions for MSc students available.

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The aim of the project is an expansion of capabilities of the high-resolution nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy which is a fundamental tool of modern structural biology. The structure and dynamics of proteins will be studied using new spectral parameters, such as cross-correlated relaxation rates. The research conducted in the frames of the project will make use of multidimensional NMR spectroscopy of isotopically enriched samples (13C, 15N, 2H) of proteins, both of folded and disordered nature. In addition, high hydrostatic pressure NMR will be employed to study conformational equilibria and dynamics of investigated proteins. Exceptionally high-resolution of 4 and 5 dimensional spectra will be achieved thanks to non-uniform sampling and advanced processing tools.

Candidate for MSc position shoud hold BSc preferably in chemistry, physics, biology or computer-science. All stipends are funded from NCN MAESTRO grant.

More info: prof. Wiktor Koźmiński, This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it
Application deadline: ongoing recruitment.

 

New Review in Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry

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Towards the functional high-resolution coordination chemistry of blood plasma human serum albumin

Samah Al-Harthi, Joanna Lachowicz, Michał Nowakowski, Mariusz Jaremko, Łukasz Jaremko


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Human serum albumin (HSA) is a monomeric, globular, multi-carrier and the most abundant protein in the blood. HSA displays multiple ligand binding sites with extraordinary binding capacity for a wide range of ions and molecules. For decades, HSA's ability to bind to various ligands has led many scientists to study its physiological properties and protein structure; indeed, a better understanding of HSA-ligand interactions in human blood, at the atomic level, will likely foster the development of more potent, and overall more performant, diagnostic and therapeutic tools against serious human disorders such as diabetes, cardiovascular disorders, and cancer. Here, we present a concise overview of the current knowledge of HSA's structural characteristics, and its coordination chemistry with transition metal ions, within the scope and limitations of current techniques and biophysical methods to reach atomic resolution in solution and in blood serum. We also highlight the overwhelming need of a detailed atomistic understanding of HSA dynamic structures and interactions that are transient, weak, multi-site and multi-step, and allosterically affected by each other. Considering the fact that HSA is a current clinical tool for drug delivery systems and a potential contender as molecular cargo and nano-vehicle used in biophysical, clinical and industrial fields, we underline the emerging need for novel approaches to target the dynamic functional coordination chemistry of the human blood serum albumin in solution, at the atomic level.

 

New Article in ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters

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Novel Cyclic Biphalin Analogues by Ruthenium-Catalyzed Ring Closing Metathesis: in Vivo and in Vitro Biological Profile

Azzurra Stefanucci, Wei Lei, Stefano Pieretti, Marilisa Pia Dimmito, Grazia Luisi, Ettore Novellino, Michał Nowakowski, Wiktor Koźmiński, Sako Mirzaie, Gokhan Zengin, John M. Streicher, and Adriano Mollica


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In this work we report the application of the ring-closing metathesis (RCM) to the preparation of two cyclic olefin-bridged analogues of biphalin (Tyr-d-Ala-Gly-Phe-NH-NH ← Phe ← Gly ← d-Ala ← Tyr), using the second generation Grubbs’ catalyst. The resulting cis- and trans-cyclic isomers were identified, fully characterized, and tested in vitro at μ (ΜΟR), δ (DOR), and κ (KOR) opioid receptors and in vivo for antinociceptive activity. Both were shown to be full agonists at MOR and potential partial antagonists at DOR, with low potency KOR agonism. They also share a strong antinociceptive effect after intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) and intravenous (i.v.) administration, higher than that of the cyclic biphalin analogues containing a disulfide bridge between the side chains of two d-Cys or d-Pen residues, previously described by our group.

 

New Article in Steroids

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Structural analysis of 25-hydroxycholesterol stereoisomers differing in configuration in position 17 and 20, by three-dimensional NMR spectra

Maria Misiak, Wiktor Koźmiński, Jacek Wójcik, Rafał R. Siciński, Jerzy Wicha


The application of 3D NMR experiments and DFT calculations enabled the structure investigation of C-17 epimer of 3-(25-hydroxycholest-5-enyl) acetate is presented. The H-17 and H-20 protons features the same values of 1H chemical shift, what causes that the structure elucidation require additional resolution enabled by 3D NMR experiments. The NMR experiments and theoretical calculations allowed for: the resonance assignment (3D COSY-HMBC and 3D TOCSY-HSQC techniques), the prediction of spatial structure (3D NOESY-HSQC and 3D ROESY-HSQC experiments), and the precise measurement of heteronuclear coupling constants (3D HSQC-TOCSY spectra with E.COSY-type multiplets).

 

New Article in Molecules

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The Two Isoforms of Lyn Display Different Intramolecular Fuzzy Complexes with the SH3 Domain

João M. C. Teixeira, Héctor Fuentes, Stasė Bielskutė, Margarida Gairi, Szymon Żerko, Wiktor Koźmiński, Miquel Pons


The function of the intrinsically disordered Unique domain of the Src family of tyrosine kinases (SFK), where the largest differences between family members are concentrated, remains poorly understood. Recent studies in c-Src have demonstrated that the Unique region forms transient interactions, described as an intramolecular fuzzy complex, with the SH3 domain and suggested that similar complexes could be formed by other SFKs. Src and Lyn are members of a distinct subfamily of SFKs. Lyn is a key player in the immunologic response and exists in two isoforms originating from alternative splicing in the Unique domain. We have used NMR to compare the intramolecular interactions in the two isoforms and found that the alternatively spliced segment interacts specifically with the so-called RT-loop in the SH3 domain and that this interaction is abolished when a polyproline ligand binds to the SH3 domain. These results support the generality of the fuzzy complex formation in distinct subfamilies of SFKs and its physiological role, as the naturally occurring alternative splicing modulates the interactions in this complex.

 

New Article in Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics

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Shape Adaptation of Quinine in Cyclodextrin Cavities: NMR studies

Jacek Wójcik, Andrzej Ejchart, Michał Nowakowski


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Complex formation between quinine and natural cyclodextrins (CD) was studied using NMR spectroscopy. The strongest association was observed for complexes of neutral quinine molecule with βCD. Association constants for monokationic quinine were one order of magnitude smaller, while dikationic quinine did not bind to CDs. Distribution of complexation-induced shifts and ROESY spectra revealed bimodal quinine binding in complexes built up by βCD and γCD. Complex formation resulted in decrease of vicinal coupling constant between H2 and H9 protons owing to the rotation about C2–C9 bond and in consequence in mutual reorientation of two main constituents of quinine: quinoline and quinuclidine. DFT calculations allowed to establish that H2 and H9 protons are antiperiplanar in the prevailing quinine conformer(s) in aqueous solution. Conformers with synclinal H2, H9 protons become to participate in quinine complexed with CDs.

 

New Article in RSC Advances

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19F multiple-quantum coherence NMR spectroscopy for probing protein–ligand interactions

Anna Zawadzka-Kazimierczuk, Mate Somlyay, Hanspeter Kaehlig, George Iakobson, Petr Beierd, Robert Konrat


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A new 19F NMR method is presented which can be used to detect weak protein binding of small molecules with up to mM affinity. The method capitalizes on the synthetic availability of unique SF5 containing compounds and the generation of five-quantum coherences (5QC). Given the high sensitivity of 5QC relaxation to exchange events (i.e. reversible protein binding) fragments which bind to the target with weak affinity can be identified. The utility of the method in early stage drug discovery programs is demonstrated with applications to two model proteins, the neurotoxic NGAL and the prominent tumor target β-catenin.

 

New Article in Journal of Biological Inorganic Chemistry

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Structure and dynamics of Helicobacter pylori nickel-chaperone HypA: an integrated approach using NMR spectroscopy, functional assays and computational tools

Chris A. E. M. Spronk, Szymon Żerko, Michał Górka, Wiktor Koźmiński, Benjamin Bardiaux, Barbara Zambelli, Francesco Musiani, Mario Piccioli, Priyanka Basak, Faith C. Blum, Ryan C. Johnson, Heidi Hu, D. Scott Merrell, Michael Maroney, Stefano Ciuri


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Helicobacter pylori HypA (HpHypA) is a metallochaperone necessary for maturation of [Ni,Fe]-hydrogenase and urease, the enzymes required for colonization and survival of H. pylori in the gastric mucosa. HpHypA contains a structural Zn(II) site and a unique Ni(II) binding site at the N-terminus. X-ray absorption spectra suggested that the Zn(II) coordination depends on pH and on the presence of Ni(II). This study was performed to investigate the structural properties of HpHypA as a function of pH and Ni(II) binding, using NMR spectroscopy combined with DFT and molecular dynamics calculations. The solution structure of apo,Zn-HpHypA, containing Zn(II) but devoid of Ni(II), was determined using 2D, 3D and 4D NMR spectroscopy. The structure suggests that a Ni-binding and a Zn-binding domain, joined through a short linker, could undergo mutual reorientation. This flexibility has no physiological effect on acid viability or urease maturation in H. pylori. Atomistic molecular dynamics simulations suggest that Ni(II) binding is important for the conformational stability of the N-terminal helix. NMR chemical shift perturbation analysis indicates that no structural changes occur in the Zn-binding domain upon addition of Ni(II) in the pH 6.3–7.2 range. The structure of the Ni(II) binding site was probed using 1H NMR spectroscopy experiments tailored to reveal hyperfine-shifted signals around the paramagnetic metal ion. On this basis, two possible models were derived using quantum-mechanical DFT calculations. The results provide a comprehensive picture of the Ni(II) mode to HpHypA, important to rationalize, at the molecular level, the functional interactions of this chaperone with its protein partners.

 
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